Organisation of Traffic Routes
The Organisation of Traffic Routes in the Workplace must be made so that pedestrians and vehicles can circulate in a safe manner.
The following applies so far as is reasonably practicable to pre-1993 workplaces and absolutely to later workplaces (including modifications, extensions and conversions). All stairs, staircases, fixed ladders, doorways, gateways, loading bays, ramps, walkways, floors or any other traffic route used by pedestrian and/or vehicular traffic must be suitable for the persons or vehicles using them. The number and size of traffic routes should be sufficient. To satisfy these requirements, safety measures must ensure at least the following:
people or vehicles using a traffic route pose no danger to people working near the route;
there is sufficient separation of a vehicular traffic route from doors or gates;
there is sufficient separation of a vehicular route from pedestrian routes which lead into it;
there is sufficient separation between vehicles and pedestrians using the same route;
any other criteria as regards suitability and sufficiency of traffic routes, such as construction standards, one-way systems, barriers and fencing, kerbs, markings and signs, crossings, etc.
Special Measures For The Disabled
Additional physical precautionary measures may be needed where people with disabilities are present, such as wheelchair users and those with sight or hearing difficulties.
In addition to the physical organisation of traffic routes, other measures for controlling the risks as regards circulation of people and vehicles will also be needed. These include:
safe working systems, such as banning vehicles from shared routes at the end of a shift when the volume of pedestrian traffic increases;
vehicle standards, including reversing alarms, speed limiters, detection devices to warn the driver of an obstruction or apply the brakes automatically;
safe working procedures, such as supervision of the safe movement of vehicles;
other precautions, such as high visibility clothing for people authorised to use a traffic route, safeguards to avoid exposure to exhaust fumes, and the like.