The Small Business, Enterprise & Employment Act 2015
Significant changes to UK company law – the Small Business Enterprise
and Employment Act 2015 (“SBEE”)
The SBEE received Royal assent on 25th March 2015 and has been implemented
in phases from May 2015 to October 2016. The measures that affect companies
largely aim to reduce red tape whilst increasing the quality of information
on the public register as well as improving corporate transparency.
All private companies have been affected by at least some of the changes.
Companies and their directors and administrators therefore need to become
familiar with the key company provisions in order to start to put processes
and procedures in place to deal with the changes being brought about by the
SBEE. More information is available on Companies House website. Companies
should also consider seeking independent legal advice on the SBEE.
The key headline points which SME businesses need to be aware of are:
1. Abolition of bearer shares – in force May 2015:
Bearer shares have been abolished. More information regarding bearer shares
can be found
2. New PSC register – in force April 2016 (maintenance of register) &
June 2016 (publication on central register):
There is a new register of people with significant control (PSCs) of a
company. Companies are required to identify individuals and legal entities
who have ultimate ownership of more than 25% of their shares or voting
rights, or the right to appoint or remove a majority of the board, or who
exercise significant influence or control over the company. This is
considered to be one of the most significant changes that the SBEE is
3. Abolition of annual returns – in force June 2016:
Companies no longer need to submit an annual return. Instead companies are
required to confirm (or update) similar information at any time during a 12
month period. This is known as a “confirmation statement”.
4. Option to keep company registers at the central registry – in force June
Companies have the option to keep their registers at Companies House. With
shareholder approval, registers of PSCs, members, directors and secretaries
can all be kept at Companies House. The obligation to maintain and update
the information remains but companies can opt to no longer physically hold
the records, which will instead be kept by Companies House.
5. Shadow directors bound by same duties as appointed directors – in force
Shadow directors are now under the same legal duties as individual formally
appointed directors (as set out in the Companies Act 2006), “… where and to
the extent they are capable of applying.” Further, the definition of a
shadow director has been amended so that a person will not be a shadow
director if the board acts in accordance with instructions or directions
given by that person in the exercise of a function conferred by or under
6. Accelerated company strike off procedure – in force October 2015:
The SBEE enables a company to be struck off the register slightly faster,
in most cases in two rather than three months.
7. Director and secretary consent to act changes – in force October 2015:
The consent to act procedure for directors and secretaries has changed.
More information can be found
8. Director & Registered Office disputes – in force December 2015:
The processes for removing a falsely appointed director’s details from the
register and for removing the address of an unauthorized registered office
are being simplified.
9. Date of birth – in force October 2015:
The day element of the date of birth of all company directors is omitted
from the information on the register available for public inspection. This
does not apply retrospectively.
10. Statement of Capital - in force June 2016:
The SBEE alters the contents of the statement of capital. It is simplified
and companies are no longer required to include the amount paid up and
unpaid on each share. Instead the aggregate amount unpaid on the total
number of shares must be specified.
11. Abolition of corporate directors – in force October 2016:
Corporate directors (with only limited exceptions) are prohibited. Existing
directors who are not natural persons automatically cease to be directors
following a one year transition period, i.e. by October 2017.