HMO Fire Risk Assessment Form
This HMO Fire Risk Assessment Form is intended for use by anyone who owns or manages a bedsit type property or House of Multiple Occupation (HMO), whether or not it is licensed by your local authority.
If you are a landlord, you and your letting or managing agents have a legal duty to keep the people who rent your property safe from fire through the provisions of the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order (‘FSO’). Under the requirements of the FSO, this has meant carrying out a fire risk assessment on the communal or shared areas but under the Fire Safety Act 2021 (‘the Act’) this duty has been extended to include the external fabric of the building where the building contains two or more sets of domestic premises.
The Act (which applies to England and Wales) clarifies that for any building containing two or more sets of domestic premises, the FSO (as amended) applies to:
- the building’s structure;
- external walls (including doors or windows in those walls and anything attached to the exterior of those walls (including cladding and balconies); and
- any common parts/shared areas (including flat entrance doors that open into common parts).
This HMO Fire Risk Assessment Form aims to provide a comprehensive list of what you should look for when carrying out your assessment, however there may be items that are not on the list. For this reason, each section contains blank boxes for additional items specific to the particular circumstances, which you can use as needed.
When carrying out your assessment you must:
- Consider the building fabric, including the external construction materials, windows and balconies;
- Look at fire doors and compartmentation;
- Consider any active or passive controls you may have in place;
- Consider your escape routes; and
- Consider any sources of ignition – such as electrical appliances in kitchens or rooms.
Once you have completed your risk assessment and have noted any issues on an Action Plan, you must set a timetable for rectifying them within a reasonable period of time.
A responsible person can carry out the risk assessment themselves, however, it is still recommended that an expert is instructed to carry out a fire risk assessment, especially where the property is an HMO and there are high safety standards to meet. If you do want to perform the fire risk assessment yourself, you should only do so if you have had comprehensive training or experience in fire risk assessment.
If you have a licensed HMO there may be specific conditions regarding fire safety, and whether a professional must carry out the risk assessment. You will need to make sure that you are complying with the conditions in order to comply with the licence.
For further information you can review the government’s guidance on performing a risk assessment which can be found here .
This HMO Fire Risk Assessment Form is in open format. Either enter the requisite details in the highlighted fields or adjust the wording to suit your purposes.
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